The appointment of Rwanda’s Brigadier-General Frank Mushyo Kamanzi by UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres on April 7th could mean an inflexion of the roles played by outsiders in the South Sudan conflict . The last C.-in-C. , Kenyan General Johnson Mogoa Kimani Ondieki , had been a complete disaster . Named in May last year he looked completely passively on the fighting of July 8th whihc blew apart the fragile peace agreement signed a year earlier . He did not raise a finger , event tentatively , to try to stop the fighting when former VP Riak Machar was nearly killed and later forced to flee the capital with his military entourage , vastly outnumbered by the goverment troops there (about ten to one ) . A few days later that same General kept looking on passively when drunken SPLA soldiers invaded the Terrain Hotel compound and started beating guests (mostly UN personnel) , stealing everything in sight and raping the women. UN secretary General Ban Ki Moon waited till November , expecting some explanation or excuses from Kenya but when none came he fired Johnson Mogoa in November 2016 . Uhuru Kenyatta’s answer was to say Kenya had been insulted (!) and to decide to withdraw his “peacekeeping contingent” from UNMISS . In any case , since the Kenyans (or any other UN personnel for that matter) never did anything related to “keeping the peace” , thier departure was not missed . But the new commander just appointed by the UN Secretary General is made of a different cloth . He was a key frontline commander during the Rwandan civil war (1990-1994) and one of the few RPF officers who dared stand up to Kagame . He personnally fought in the frontlines (something Kagame was never enthusiastic about) and quietly stood his ground when the Great Leader tried to order him around . He also disliked the police intervention of his troops in order to “discipline” the Hutu population in the hills and he tried to keep a good balance between security and repression . It is likely he will definitely be more active than Johnson Mogoa and perhaps more politically involved  . Of course , a lot depends on how supine the UN will be in its “peacekeeping” position . Legless men can’t run and Kamanzi cannot perform miracles . But he comes at an opportune moment because , over the last few weeks , the complete melting down of the security situation in South Sudan has made President Museveni think . Museveni has a long experience of melting governments : he  successfully fought one in Uganda between 1981 and 1986 and he failed while fighting another one in the Congo between 1998 and 2002 . If he has retained some of his own bushfighting and revolutionary experience , he must know that the Dinka tribal experience dressed in SPLA uniforms is runing low on political fuel at this point . On April 7th a desperate Salva Kiir both announced that the planned “national dialogue” which was supposed to start in March will after all never start because there was no money left to organize it ; and he then launched into a desperate call “for all armed elements to stop violence and join hands in bringing peace” . No more mention of Riak Machar and SPLM/IO , Salva Kiir’s was a voice calling in the wilderness , to all those terrible people who were ambushing traffic on the roads and killing whoever was coming by . Most of them were non-Nuer and non SPLM/IO . And they were making a mess and killing everybody ruthlessly . Civil war is not a tuxedo dinner .  In a way , it was a political dialogue of one so Salva got no contradiction . He got no support either . The previous day (April 6th) a meeting had taken place in Uganda between Rebecca Nyandeng (Mrs Garang) , Majok d’Agoot , General Oyai Deng Ajak and Kosti Manibe with President Museveni . M7 seemed to be somewhat shaken and in a soul-searching mood . It seemed as if he was beginning to feel that he might have taken the wrong road in supporting Salva Kiir up to and beyond any level of blind tribal repression . The thousands of refugees pouring into his own country , into Ethiopia and even into the former arch-enemy , Sudan , were proof enough that things were deeply wrong . The August 17th 2015 “peace agreement” , a mantra still sung mechanically by all the institutional actors , is dead . M7 is beginning to think of an alternative strategy . At least he’ll have a real UN commander to talk with .

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